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Queen espoused of the United Kingdom from 1910 to 1936

Queen consort of the Britain

Mary of Teck


Formal portrait from the 1920s

Queen consort of the United kingdom

and the
British Dominions,
Empress consort of India
Tenure vi May 1910 – 20 January 1936
Coronation 22 June 1911

Imperial Durbar
12 Dec 1911
Built-in Princess Victoria Mary of Teck
(1867-05-26)26 May 1867
Kensington Palace,
London
Died 24 March 1953(1953-03-24)
(aged 85)
Marlborough House,
London
Burial 31 March 1953

Spouse

(thou. ; died )

Issue
Names
Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes
Firm Teck
Male parent Francis, Duke of Teck
Mother Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge
Signature
Mary of Teck's signature

Mary of Teck
(Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was
Queen of the United Kingdom
and the
British Dominions, and
Empress of India, from vi May 1910 until 29 January 1936 as the wife of
King-Emperor
George 5.

Built-in and raised in the
United Kingdom, Mary was the daughter of
Francis, Duke of Teck, a High german nobleman, and
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, a granddaughter of
Male monarch George III
and a pocket-size fellow member of the
British royal family. She was informally known as “May”, after the calendar month of her nascence.

At the historic period of 24, she was betrothed to her second cousin in one case removed
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, the eldest son of the
Prince of Wales, simply six weeks after the annunciation of the appointment, he died unexpectedly during an
flu pandemic. The post-obit year, she became engaged to Albert Victor’south simply surviving brother, George, who subsequently became rex. Before her husband’s accretion, she was successively
Duchess of York,
Duchess of Cornwall, and
Princess of Wales.

As
queen consort
from 1910, Mary supported her husband through the
First Earth War, his ill wellness, and major political changes arising from the
backwash of the state of war. Subsequently George’s expiry in 1936, she became
queen female parent
when her eldest son,
Edward VIII, ascended the throne. To her dismay, he
abdicated
afterward the same year in order to marry twice-divorced American socialite
Wallis Simpson. She supported her 2d son,
George VI, until his death in 1952. She died the post-obit yr, during the reign of her granddaughter
Elizabeth Ii, who had non all the same been crowned. Amid much else, an
ocean liner, a
battlecruiser, and
a university
were
named in her honour.

Early life



Mary as an infant with her parents

Princess Victoria Mary (“May”) of Teck was born on 26 May 1867 at
Kensington Palace,
London, in the same room where
Queen Victoria, her starting time cousin once removed, had been born 48 years and 2 days earlier. Queen Victoria came to visit the baby, writing that she was “a very fine one, with pretty little features and a quantity of hair”.
[i]

Her male parent was Prince
Francis, Duke of Teck, the son of
Duke Alexander of Württemberg
past his
morganatic
wife,
Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde
(created Countess von Hohenstein in the Austrian Empire). Her female parent was
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, a granddaughter of
King George III
and the third child and younger daughter of
Prince Adolphus, Knuckles of Cambridge, and
Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel.

She was baptised in the
Chapel Royal
of Kensington Palace on 27 July 1867 past
Charles Thomas Longley,
Archbishop of Canterbury.
[3]

From an early age, she was known to her family unit, friends and the public by the diminutive proper noun of “May”, after her birth month.
[iv]

May’s upbringing was “merry but fairly strict”.
[1]


[v]

She was the eldest of four children, and the simply daughter, and “learned to exercise her native discretion, firmness, and tact” by resolving her three younger brothers’ piddling boyhood squabbles.
[6]

They played with their cousins, the children of the Prince of Wales, who were similar in age.
[7]

She grew up at Kensington Palace and
White Lodge, in
Richmond Park, which was granted by Queen Victoria on permanent loan. She was educated at home by her mother and governess (as were her brothers until they were sent to boarding schools).
[viii]

The Duchess of Teck spent an unusually long time with her children for a lady of her time and class,
[five]

and enlisted May in various charitable endeavours, which included visiting the tenements of the poor.
[9]

Although May was a great-grandchild of George Three, she was only a small-scale fellow member of the
British purple family. Her male parent, the Knuckles of Teck, had no inheritance or wealth and carried the lower royal style of
Serene Highness
because his parents’ wedlock was morganatic.
[10]

The Duchess of Teck was granted a
parliamentary
annuity
of
£5,000 and received about £four,000 a twelvemonth from her mother, the Duchess of Cambridge,
[11]

but she donated lavishly to dozens of charities.
[1]

Prince Francis was deeply in debt and moved his family abroad with a pocket-size staff in 1883, in guild to economise.
[12]

They travelled throughout Europe, visiting their various relations. For a time they stayed in
Florence, Italian republic, where May enjoyed visiting the art galleries, churches, and museums.
[13]

She was fluent in English, High german, and French.
[1]

In 1885, the family unit returned to London and lived for some time in
Chester Square.
[1]

May was shut to her mother, and acted as an unofficial secretary, helping to organise parties and social events. She was besides close to her aunt, the
M Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and wrote to her every week. During the
First Earth War, the
Crown Princess of Sweden
helped pass letters from May to her aunt, who lived in enemy territory in
Deutschland
until her death in 1916.
[14]

Engagements



Victoria Mary with Prince Albert Victor, 1891

In 1886, “May” (as she was known) was a debutante in her starting time
season, and was
introduced
at court. Her condition as the only unmarried British princess who was not descended from Queen Victoria made her a suitable candidate for the imperial family unit’s well-nigh eligible bachelor,
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale,
[1]

her
second cousin one time removed
and the eldest son of the
Prince of Wales.
[fifteen]

On 3 December 1891 at
Luton Hoo, so the land residence of Danish Ambassador Christian Frederick de Falbe, Albert Victor proposed marriage to May and she accepted.
[1]

The choice of May as bride for the Duke owed much to Queen Victoria’s fondness for her, every bit well every bit to her potent grapheme and sense of duty. Notwithstanding, Albert Victor died six weeks later, in a recurrence of the worldwide
1889–xc
influenza pandemic.
[xvi]

Albert Victor’s brother,
Prince George, Duke of York, at present second in line to the throne, plain became close to May during their shared period of mourning, and Queen Victoria still thought of her every bit a suitable candidate to marry a futurity rex.
[17]

The public was besides anxious that the Duke of York should marry and settle the succession.
[1]

In May 1893, George proposed, and May accepted. They were soon deeply in love, and their marriage was a success. George wrote to May every day they were apart and, unlike his father, never took a mistress.
[18]


Duchess of York (1893–1901)


Young Mary in a tightly corseted dress

Princess Victoria Mary soon before her union to the Duke of York in 1893

Mary married Prince George, Duke of York, in London on vi July 1893 at the
Chapel Royal,
St James’s Palace.
[19]

The new Duke and Duchess of York lived in
York Cottage
on the
Sandringham Estate
in
Norfolk, and in apartments in St James’s Palace. York Cottage was a small business firm for royalty, but it was a favourite of George, who liked a relatively simple life.
[20]

They had half dozen children:
Edward,
Albert,
Mary,
Henry,
George, and
John.

The children were put into the care of a nanny, as was usual in upper-form families at the time. The first nanny was dismissed for insolence and the 2nd for abusing the children. This 2d woman, anxious to advise that the children preferred her to anyone else, would pinch Edward and Albert whenever they were about to exist presented to their parents and then that they would first crying and be speedily returned to her. On discovery, she was replaced by her constructive and much-loved banana,
Charlotte Bill.
[21]

Sometimes, Mary and George appear to have been distant parents. At offset, they failed to notice the nanny’s abuse of the immature princes Edward and Albert,
[22]

and their youngest son, Prince John, was housed in a private subcontract on the Sandringham Estate, in Bill’s care, perhaps to hide his
epilepsy
from the public. Despite Mary’s austere public image and her strait-laced individual life, she was a caring mother and comforted her children when they suffered from her hubby’south strict discipline.
[18]

Edward wrote fondly of his female parent in his memoirs: “Her soft voice, her cultivated mind, the cosy room overflowing with personal treasures were all inseparable ingredients of the happiness associated with this last hr of a child’s day … Such was my mother’s pride in her children that everything that happened to each one was of the utmost importance to her. With the nativity of each new kid, Mama started an album in which she painstakingly recorded each progressive stage of our childhood”.
[23]

He expressed a less charitable view, however, in individual letters to his married woman after his mother’southward expiry: “My sadness was mixed with incredulity that whatever mother could take been so hard and roughshod towards her eldest son for then many years and yet so enervating at the cease without relenting a scrap. I’m afraid the fluids in her veins have e’er been as icy cold as they are at present in death.”
[24]

Equally Knuckles and Duchess of York, George and Mary carried out a variety of public duties. In 1897, she became the patron of the
London Needlework Order
in succession to her mother. The guild, initially established as The London Society in 1882, was renamed several times and was named after Mary between 1914 and 2010.
[25]

Samples of her own embroidery range from chair seats to tea cosies.
[26]


Thin Mary wearing a formal dress, a rope of pearls and a tiara

The Duchess of Cornwall and York in Ottawa, 1901

On 22 Jan 1901, Queen Victoria died, and Mary’due south begetter-in-law ascended the throne as
Edward 7. For virtually of the residue of that year, George and Mary were known as the “Knuckles and Duchess of Cornwall and York”. For eight months they toured the
British Empire, visiting
Gibraltar,
Malta,
Egypt,
Ceylon,
Singapore,
Australia,
New Zealand,
Republic of mauritius,
South Africa
and
Canada. No regal had undertaken such an aggressive tour before. She broke down in tears at the thought of leaving her children, who were to be left in the care of their grandparents, for such a long time.
[27]


Princess of Wales (1901–1910)

On 9 November 1901, 9 days later arriving back in Britain and on the King’s sixtieth birthday, George was created
Prince of Wales. The family unit moved their London residence from St James’s Palace to
Marlborough Business firm. As Princess of Wales, Mary accompanied her husband on trips to
Austria-Hungary
and
Württemberg
in 1904. The following year, she gave birth to her terminal kid, John. It was a difficult labour, and although she recovered quickly, her newborn son suffered respiratory problems.
[28]

From October 1905 the Prince and Princess of Wales undertook another eight-calendar month bout, this fourth dimension of India, and the children were once again left in the intendance of their grandparents.
[29]

They passed through Egypt both ways and on the manner dorsum stopped in Greece. The tour was almost immediately followed by a trip to Spain for the wedding of
Male monarch Alfonso XIII
to
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, at which the bride and groom narrowly avoided assassination.
[xxx]

Only a calendar week after returning to Britain, May and George went to Kingdom of norway for the coronation of George’s brother-in-law and sister,
Rex Haakon VII
and
Queen Maud.
[31]


Queen and empress consort (1910–1936)

On six May 1910, Edward 7 died. Mary’s husband ascended the throne and she became
queen consort. When her husband asked her to drop one of her ii official names, Victoria Mary, she chose to be called Mary, preferring not to exist known by the same fashion every bit her husband’southward grandmother, Queen Victoria.
[32]

She was the start British queen espoused built-in in Uk since
Catherine Parr.
[1]

Queen Mary was
crowned
with the King on 22 June 1911 at
Westminster Abbey. Later in the year, the new Rex and Queen travelled to Bharat for the
Delhi Durbar
held on 12 Dec 1911, and toured the sub-continent equally Emperor and Empress of Bharat, returning to Uk in Feb.
[33]

The beginning of Mary’s period as espoused brought her into disharmonize with her female parent-in-law,
Queen Alexandra. Although the two were on friendly terms, Alexandra could be stubborn; she demanded precedence over Mary at the funeral of Edward VII, was slow in leaving
Buckingham Palace, and kept some of the royal jewels that should have been passed to the new queen.
[34]

During the
Beginning World War, Queen Mary instituted an thrift drive at the palace, where she rationed food, and visited wounded and dying servicemen in hospital, which acquired her great emotional strain.
[35]

Subsequently 3 years of state of war against
Germany, and with anti-High german feeling in Britain running high, the
Russian Majestic Family, which had been deposed by a revolutionary government, was refused asylum, possibly in part considering the
tsar‘s wife was German-born.
[36]

News of the tsar’s abdication provided a heave to those in Uk who wished to replace their own monarchy with a commonwealth.
[37]

The war ended in 1918 with the defeat of Germany and the abdication and exile of the
kaiser.



The Queen with her daughter
Mary
during the First World State of war

Two months later the finish of the war, Queen Mary’s youngest son, John, died at the age of thirteen. She described her shock and sorrow in her diary and letters, extracts of which were published after her death: “our poor darling footling Johnnie had passed away suddenly … The showtime suspension in the family unit circle is difficult to bear but people take been so kind & sympathetic & this has helped us [the Rex and me] much.”
[38]

Her staunch support of her husband continued during the afterwards half of his reign. She advised him on speeches and used her extensive cognition of history and royalty to advise him on matters affecting his position. He appreciated her discretion, intelligence, and judgement.
[39]

She maintained an air of self-assured calm throughout all her public engagements in the years after the state of war, a menstruation marked by civil unrest over social conditions,
Irish independence, and
Indian nationalism.
[40]

In the tardily 1920s, George 5 became increasingly ill with lung problems, exacerbated by his heavy smoking. Queen Mary paid particular attention to his care. During his illness in 1928, one of his doctors, Sir
Farquhar Buzzard, was asked who had saved the King’s life. He replied, “The Queen”.
[41]

In 1935, King George V and Queen Mary historic their
silverish jubilee, with celebrations taking place throughout the
British Empire. In his jubilee speech, George paid public tribute to his wife, having told his speechwriter, “Put that paragraph at the very end. I cannot trust myself to speak of the Queen when I think of all I owe her.”
[42]


Queen female parent (1936–1952)

George V died on twenty January 1936, after his doctor,
Lord Dawson of Penn, gave him an injection of
morphine
and
cocaine
that may have hastened his death.
[43]

Queen Mary’south eldest son ascended the throne as Edward Eight. She was then to be known every bit
Her Majesty Queen Mary.

Within the twelvemonth, Edward acquired a
ramble crisis
by announcing his want to marry his twice-divorced American mistress,
Wallis Simpson. Mary disapproved of divorce, which was against the didactics of the
Anglican church building, and thought Simpson wholly unsuitable to exist the married woman of a king. After receiving advice from the
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom,
Stanley Baldwin, as well as the
Dominion
governments, that he could not remain rex and marry Simpson, Edward
abdicated.

Though loyal and supportive of her son, Mary could non comprehend why Edward would neglect his royal duties in favour of his personal feelings.
[44]

Simpson had been presented formally to both Male monarch George Five and Queen Mary at court,
[45]

but Mary later refused to come across her either in public or privately.
[46]

She saw it as her duty to provide moral back up for her second son, the reserved
Prince Albert, Duke of York. Albert ascended the throne on Edward’s abdication, taking the name George VI. When Mary attended the coronation, she became the first British
dowager queen
to practice then.
[47]

Edward’southward abdication did not lessen her love for him, but she never wavered in her disapproval of his deportment.
[xviii]


[48]


Elderly Mary and the two girls in formal dress

Queen Mary with her granddaughters, Princesses
Margaret
(front end) and
Elizabeth, May 1939

Mary took an interest in the upbringing of her granddaughters, Princesses
Elizabeth
and
Margaret, and took them on diverse excursions in London, to fine art galleries and museums. (The princesses’ own parents thought it unnecessary for them to be burdened with a demanding educational regime.)
[49]

In May 1939, Mary was in a auto crash: her car was overturned but she escaped with small injuries and bruises.
[fifty]

During the
Second World War, George VI wished his mother to exist evacuated from London. Although she was reluctant, she decided to live at
Badminton Firm,
Gloucestershire, with her niece,
Mary Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort, the daughter of her brother
Adolphus.
[51]

Her personal belongings were transported from London in seventy pieces of luggage. Her household, which comprised fifty-v servants, occupied nearly of the house, except for the Duke and Duchess’s private suites, until after the war. The only people to complain about the arrangements were the purple servants, who found the house besides small-scale,
[52]

though Queen Mary bellyaching her niece by having the ancient ivy torn from the walls as she considered it unattractive and a hazard. From Badminton, in support of the state of war effort, she visited troops and factories and directed the gathering of scrap materials. She was known to offer lifts to soldiers she spotted on the roads.
[53]

In 1942, her youngest surviving son,
Prince George, Duke of Kent, was killed in an air crash while on agile service. Mary finally returned to
Marlborough Firm
in June 1945, later the state of war in Europe had resulted in the defeat of
Nazi Frg.

Mary was an eager collector of objects and pictures with a royal connection.
[54]

She paid in a higher place-market place estimates when purchasing jewels from the estate of
Dowager Empress Marie of Russian federation

[55]

and paid well-nigh three times the estimate when buying the family’s Cambridge Emeralds from Lady Kilmorey, the mistress of her late brother
Prince Francis.
[56]

In 1924, the famous builder
Sir Edwin Lutyens
created
Queen Mary’s Dolls’ Firm
for her collection of miniature pieces.
[57]

She has sometimes been criticised for her aggressive acquisition of
objets d’art
for the
Royal Collection. On several occasions, she would express to hosts, or others, that she admired something they had in their possession, in the expectation that the owner would exist willing to donate information technology.
[58]

Her extensive knowledge of, and research into, the Royal Collection helped in identifying artefacts and artwork that had gone astray over the years.
[59]

The majestic family had lent out many pieces over previous generations. Once she had identified unreturned items through old inventories, she would write to the holders, requesting that they be returned.
[lx]

In add-on to being an gorging collector, Mary also commissioned many gifts of jewellery, including rings which she presented to her ladies-in-waiting on the occasion of their engagements.
[61]

Death



Queen Mary’due south funeral wagon. At her funeral, Mary’south coffin was draped in her personal
imprint of artillery.
[62]

In 1952, King George Six died, the third of Queen Mary’s children to predecease her; her eldest granddaughter, Princess Elizabeth, ascended the throne equally Queen Elizabeth II. The decease of a 3rd child profoundly affected her. Mary remarked to
Princess Marie Louise: “I have lost three sons through decease, but I have never been privileged to exist there to say a terminal bye to them.”
[63]

Mary died on 24 March 1953 in her sleep at the historic period of 85, ten weeks earlier her granddaughter’south
coronation.
[64]

She had permit it be known that should she die, the coronation should not be postponed.
[65]

Her remains
lay in state
at
Westminster Hall, where large numbers of mourners filed past her coffin. She is cached abreast her husband in the nave of
St George’south Chapel, Windsor Castle.
[66]

Legacy

Queen Mary University of London;
[67]

Queen Mary Reservoir
in
Surrey, United Kingdom;
[68]

Queen Mary College, Lahore;
[69]

Queen Mary’s Hospital, Roehampton;
Queen Mary Hospital
in
Hong Kong;
Queen Mary’s Summit, the highest mountain in
Tristan da Cunha;
Queen Mary Land
in
Antarctica; and
Queen Mary’s College
in
Chennai,
Republic of india, are named in her accolade, as were the bounding main liners
RMSQueen Mary

and
RMSQueen Mary 2
, also the
Regal Navy
battlecruiser
HMSQueen Mary
.

Actresses who have portrayed Queen Mary include Dame
Flora Robson
(in
A King’s Story, 1965), Dame
Wendy Hiller
(on the London stage in
Crown Betrothed, 1972),
[lxx]

Greer Garson
(in the television product of
Crown Betrothed, 1974),
Judy Loe
(in

Edward the Seventh
, 1975), Dame
Peggy Ashcroft
(in

Edward & Mrs. Simpson
, 1978),
Phyllis Calvert
(in

The Woman He Loved
, 1988), Gaye Brown (in

All the Male monarch’s Men
, 1999),
Miranda Richardson
(in

The Lost Prince
, 2003),
Margaret Tyzack
(in

Wallis & Edward
, 2005),
Claire Bloom
(in

The King’southward Speech
, 2010),
Judy Parfitt
(in

Due west.Eastward.
, 2011), Valerie Dane (in the television version of

Downton Abbey
, 2013), Matriarch
Eileen Atkins
(in

Bertie and Elizabeth
, 2002 and

The Crown
, 2016), and
Geraldine James
(in the film version of

Downton Abbey
, 2019).

Sir
Henry “Chips” Channon
wrote that she was “in a higher place politics … magnificent, humorous, worldly, in fact nearly sublime, though cold and difficult. But what a grand Queen.”
[71]


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 26 May 1867 – 6 July 1893:
    Her Serene Highness
    Princess Victoria Mary of Teck
  • 6 July 1893 – 22 Jan 1901:
    Her Regal Highness
    The Duchess of York
  • 22 January 1901 – 9 November 1901:
    Her Royal Highness
    The Duchess of Cornwall and York
  • 9 November 1901 – 6 May 1910:
    Her Imperial Highness
    The Princess of Wales
  • 6 May 1910 – 20 January 1936:
    Her Majesty
    The Queen
  • 20 January 1936 – 24 March 1953:
    Her Majesty
    Queen Mary

Artillery

Queen Mary’s arms were the
royal coat of arms of the Uk
impaled
with her family arms – the arms of her granddaddy,
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, in the 1st and 4th quarters, and the artillery of her father,
Prince Francis, Duke of Teck, in the 2nd and third quarters.
[72]


[73]

The shield is surmounted by the imperial crown, and supported by the crowned panthera leo of England and “a stag Proper” as in the
arms of Württemberg.
[73]

Queen Mary’s coat of arms

Issue

Ancestry

See also

Notes

  1. ^



    a






    b






    c






    d






    e






    f






    g






    h






    i





    “Queen Mary: A Lifetime of Gracious Service”,

    The Times
    , p. 5, 25 March 1953




  2. ^




    The Times
    (London)
    , Mon, 29 July 1867 p. 12 col. E


  3. ^


    Her three godparents were
    Queen Victoria,
    the Prince of Wales
    (later King Edward VII and May’s time to come father-in-law), and Princess Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge.
    [2]



  4. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 24
  5. ^



    a






    b




    Pope-Hennessy, p. 66


  6. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 45


  7. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 55


  8. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, pp. 68, 76, 123


  9. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 68


  10. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, pp. 36–37


  11. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 114


  12. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 112


  13. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 133


  14. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, pp. 503–505


  15. ^


    May’southward maternal granddad,
    Prince Adolphus, Knuckles of Cambridge, was a brother of
    Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, who was the father of
    Queen Victoria, Albert Victor’s paternal grandmother.


  16. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 201


  17. ^


    Edwards, p. 61
  18. ^



    a






    b






    c





    Prochaska, Frank (January 2008) [September 2004],

    “Mary (1867–1953)”
    ,

    Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

    (online ed.), Oxford University Press,
    doi:x.1093/ref:odnb/34914
    , retrieved
    1 May
    2010



    (Subscription or
    UK public library membership
    required.)



  19. ^


    Her bridesmaids were the Princesses
    Maud
    and
    Victoria of Wales,
    Victoria Melita,
    Alexandra
    and
    Beatrice of Edinburgh,
    Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein,
    Margaret
    and
    Patricia of Connaught and Strathearn, and
    Alice
    and
    Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg.


  20. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 291


  21. ^


    Wheeler-Bennett, pp. 16–17


  22. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 393


  23. ^


    Windsor, pp. 24–25


  24. ^


    Ziegler, p. 538


  25. ^





    Queen Mother’s Habiliment Guild official website

    , retrieved
    1 May
    2010





  26. ^


    e.g.
    Mary, Queen of England (1943),

    Chair seat
    ,
    Metropolitan Museum of Art

    ;
    Queen Mary (1909),

    Tea cosy
    ,
    Springhill, Canton Londonderry: National Trust




  27. ^


    Edwards, p. 115


  28. ^


    Edwards, pp. 142–143


  29. ^


    Edwards, p. 146


  30. ^


    The driver of their coach and over a dozen spectators were killed by a bomb thrown past an anarchist,
    Mateo Morral.


  31. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 407


  32. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 421


  33. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, pp. 452–463


  34. ^


    Edwards, pp. 182–193


  35. ^


    Edwards, pp. 244–245


  36. ^


    Edwards, p. 258


  37. ^


    Edwards, p. 262


  38. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 511


  39. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 549


  40. ^


    Edwards, p. 311


  41. ^


    Gore, p. 243


  42. ^



    The Times (London), Wednesday, 25 March 1953 p. five


  43. ^



    Watson, Francis (1986), “The Expiry of George V”,
    History Today, vol. 36, pp. 21–30,
    PMID11645856




  44. ^


    Airlie, p. 200


  45. ^


    Windsor, p. 255


  46. ^


    Windsor, p. 334


  47. ^


    According to custom, crowned heads do non attend coronations of other kings and queens. Pope-Hennessy, p. 584


  48. ^


    Edwards, p. 401 and Pope-Hennessy, p. 575


  49. ^


    Edwards, p. 349


  50. ^




    “Find Queen Mary Has No Broken Bones; But Physicians Reveal Painful Injury to Her Centre”.
    The New York Times. 25 May 1939. Retrieved
    23 July
    2021
    .




  51. ^


    Pope-Hennessy, p. 596


  52. ^



    Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003), “Duke of Beaufort, ‘Seat’ department”,
    Burke’s Peerage & Gentry, 107th edition, vol. I p. 308




  53. ^


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    See as well
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    iv December
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  64. ^




    “1953: Queen Mary dies peacefully after affliction”,
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    29 May
    2018





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    1 May
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  67. ^



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    ISBN
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    25 April
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  72. ^




    Maclagan, Michael; Louda, Jiří (1999),
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    ISBN
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  73. ^



    a






    b






    Pinches, John Harvey; Pinches, Rosemary (1974),
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    a






    b





    “The Ancestry of the Princess May”,
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References

External links

Mary of Teck


Born:
26 May 1867

Died:
24 March 1953

Royal titles
Preceded by


Queen consort of the United kingdom

and the
British Dominions;
Empress consort of Republic of india


1910–1936
Vacant

Title next held past


Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Honorary titles
Preceded past


M Master of the Guild of the British Empire


1936–1953
Succeeded by



Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_of_Teck

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